#b90x - DAY 17 - Technical Analysis 101 - Starting with Candles!


Thanks Pete. TA is important for day, swing trading and keeping an eye on longer term trends. But for DCA’ing not entirely necessary as FA is more important over the long term IMO(Most of the time I’m wrong and don’t know what the fuck I’m talking about). I would like to improve my TA, practice makes perfect.


Very excited to be back on TA. Critical lessons coming up.


This video on my first b90x was mesmerizing for me. I had never looked at charts other than just overall time line. I bet I watched it 10 times.


TA, I worth watching over and over again. not all coins act the same. ect. don’t go blind you’ll get burned


Awesomeness … loving everyday.


Got distracted playing with the candles in Tradingview and totally forgot to post here yesterday. :laughing:

Thank you @peter for this. I’ve been trying to understand candles and this video really helps.


I have been taking this slow and trying to understand things but feel like I am way behind the curve and not sure how to make peace with my progress. Watching the videos and looking at the charts I can see the extended consolidation patterns but am way out of my depth and trying to curb enthusiasm while accumulating bitcoin and looking for altcoins that I might be able to pickup.


It just takes time, practice and continual education. I cant remember if Peter covered this in any of his vids but i recommend that you guys study up on Heikin Ashi candles. Really helps to filter out the noise and makes trading much simpler.

The thing that really hit home with me is that you always assume the next Heiken Ashi candle will be the same color/direction as the previous candle. Pick any candle on the chart and start calling out right for all the candles that follow with the same color and wrong for all the ones that dont. How many times are you right and how many are you wrong? Gives you ball park 70% accuracy rate! Combine that with macd, rsi and 20 ema and a sense of current market conditions you get some damn good odds.

Price above an up sloping 20 ema printing green candles ride the wave until it prints a red and get the hell out (not always end of trend) until you get good re entry parameters. Obiously combining macd, rsi, etc.but you get the point…The you tube vid i posted at bottom does good job of explaining all this. His parameters are very tight for entry conditions but after you trade heikin ashi for awhile you can get pretty good picking off tops and bottoms making good scalp trades on the smaller time frames. As well as staying in up trends longer to maximize profits.

Daily chart candle sticks:

Daily chart Heikin Ashi:

The Heikin-Ashi technique – meaning “average bar” in Japanese – can be used in conjunction with candlestick charts to spot trends and to predict future prices. Most profits are generated when markets are trending, so predicting trends correctly is necessary. Heikin-Ashi charts can also be used to keep traders in trades while a trend persists but get them out when the trend pauses or reverses.

Normal candlestick charts are composed of a series of open-high-low-close (OHLC) candles set apart by a time series. The Heikin-Ashi technique uses a modified formula:

  • Close = (Open + High + Low + Close) / 4o This is the average price of the current bar.
  • Open = (Open of Previous Bar + Close of Previous Bar) / 2o This is the midpoint of the previous bar.
  • High = Max of (High, Open, Close)o Highest value of the three.
  • Low = Min of (Low, Open, Close)o Lowest value of the three.

Constructing the Chart

The Heikin-Ashi chart is constructed like a regular candlestick chart, except the formula for calculating each bar is different, as shown above. The time series is defined by the user, depending on the type of chart desired, such as daily, hourly or five-minute. The down days are represented by filled candles, while the up days are represented by empty candles. These can also be colored in by the chart platform, so up days are white or green, and down days are red or black, for example. (For more, see: Candlestick Charting: What Is It? )

From the chart above, there are a few differences to note between the two types of charts. Heikin-Ashi has a smoother look, as it is essentially taking an average of the movement. There is a tendency with Heikin-Ashi for the candles to stay red during a downtrend and green during an uptrend, whereas normal candlesticks alternate color even if the price is moving dominantly in one direction.

The price scale is also of note. The current price shown on a normal candlestick chart will also be the current price of the asset, and that matches the closing price of the candlestick (or current price if the bar hasn’t closed). Since Heikin-Ashi is taking an average, the current price on the candle may not match the price the market is actually trading at. For this reason, many charting platforms show two prices on the y-axis: one for the calculation of the Heiken-Ashi and another for the current price of the asset.

[Candlestick charts are just one form of technical analysis that traders can use to identify opportunities. If you’re interested in learning about others, the Technical Analysis Course on the Investopedia Academy provides over five hours of video and several case studies that show you how to identify patterns like these.]

Putting It to Use

These charts can be applied to any market. Most charting platforms have Heikin-Ashi charts included as an option.

There are five primary signals that identify trends and buying opportunities:

  • Hollow or green candles with no lower “shadows” indicate a strong uptrend: let your profits ride!
  • Hollow or green candles signify an uptrend: you might want to add to your long position and exit short positions.
  • Candles with a small body surrounded by upper and lower shadows indicate a trend change: risk-loving traders might buy or sell here, while others will wait for confirmation before going long or short.
  • Filled or red candles indicate a downtrend: you might want to add to your short position and exit long positions.
  • Filled or red candles with no higher shadows identify a strong downtrend: stay short until there’s a change in trend.

These signals may make locating trends or trading opportunities easier than with traditional candlesticks. The trends are not interrupted by false signals as often and are thus more easily spotted.

The chart example above shows how Heikin-Ashi charts can be used for analysis and making trading decisions. On the left, there are long red candles, and at the start of the decline, the lower wicks are quite small. As the price continues to drop, the lower wicks get longer, indicating that the price dropped but then was pushed back up. Buying pressure is starting to build. This is followed by a strong move to the upside.

The upward move is strong and doesn’t give major indications of a reversal, until there are several small candles in a row, with shadows on either side. This shows indecision. Traders can look at the bigger picture to help determine whether they should go long or short.

The charts can also be used to keep a trader in a trade once a trend begins. Stay in a trade until the Heikin-Ashi candles change color. A change of color doesn’t always mean the end of a trend – it could just be a pause.

The Bottom Line

The Heikin-Ashi technique is useful for making candlestick charts more readable and trends easier to analyze. The charts are constructed in the same manner as a normal candlestick chart, with the exception of the modified bar formulas. When properly used, these techniques can help you spot trends and trend changes, thus making smarter trading decisions. (For additional reading, check out: Trading Without Noise .)

This video provides an excellent method for using Heikin Ashi candles, macd and the 20 ema along with lots of other good info.


TA is difficult for me. I’ve never been interested in it. :frowning_face: I guess I need to learn to like it. :thinking:


Them candlestick basics yoooooooooooo


Great intro to candles. I’ve used babypips.com to learn the basics and because it’s mostly text I takes me longer to sift through the material. I enjoy the way Peter explains these concepts. Easy, bite sizes pieces, that I understand, and helps me further well round my knowledge.


Wazzup! Dodgelord… I’ve been with watching you on youtube since late 2017 and have and have become more active the past year. I have learned a lot from you, and I am proud to be a member of the crypto nation and Yen eye oh! Doing my B90x redux and making it official. YOOooooo…


Somewhere I missed something, how come my candles don’t have shadows?

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